RFC 3490

tl;dr domain names can now include chars beyond ASCII. Legit examples:




tl;dr things are not what they appear

On the lower layers of communication there are no hànzì chars or other chars beyond ASCII. PUNYCODEing happens. e.g 日本.com is converted to xn--wgv71a.com

more on punycode: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punycode https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3492

web converter can be found here: https://www.punycoder.com/


fake apple.com looking pretty legit

demo: https://www.xn–80ak6aa92e.com/ will be converted to for user in web browser (till security update) as https://www.аррӏе.com [there is “fake” char in place of l] what more with green padlock standing for valid certificate!!! STRANGE

seems legit

webdeveloper issues:

Be aware that html5 form field email will pass all chars submited to your backend being already punycoded!! So be aware when implementing custom filtering mechanism to not search for raw stuff like mason@日本.com but rather mason@xn--wgv71a.com

python libs for conversion https://pypi.python.org/pypi/idna